This week's spellings are words that end in -tious and -cious.
But how do we know which to choose?
To help learn the spelling of words ending in either –cious or –tious:
• If the root word ends in ce e.g. space, remove the -ce and replace with -cious. E.g. space – spacious; malice – malicious
• If the root word ends in tion e.g. nutrition, remove the -tion and replace with -tious. E.g. nutrition – nutritious; caution – cautious
There are some exceptions to the above rules e.g. delicious, fictitious, anxious. These exceptions just need to be learnt
Have a look at the BBC Bitesize page:
New spellings are from the statutory word list:
This week, our words involve silent letters!
Make sure you know how to spell these too!
Following on from last week, our words are:
This week, our words all have -cial endings, not to be confused with -tial endings!
It's confusing, as they sound the same.
Our words for this week are:
-cial & -tial endings usually sound the same "shul"
special, confidential, initial, official
If you're wondering why we have these two when one would do, it's all about the French and Latin origins of these words, and the t or c in the original word:
potential - from late Latin potentialis, from potentia 'power', from potent- 'being able'
facial - from medieval Latin facialis, from facies
initial - from Latin initialis, from initium 'beginning'
(You don't need to know French and Latin but it's always good to know why spellings and words are the way they are.)
There's a rule about which one to use but, like all rules, there are exceptions.
What's the letter before these -cial words: social, special, beneficial?
What's the letter before these -tial words: essential, substantial, partial?
Use -cial after a vowel, like after the vowel 'o' in social, 'e' in special, 'i' in beneficial
Use -tial after a consonant, especially, after 'n' in substantial, essential, and 'r' in partial
vowel + cial =
social, special, official, crucial, judicial, artificial, racial, beneficial, superficial, unofficial, facial, glacial, especially, specially, sacrificial, prejudicial, antisocial, multiracial.
especially and specially are very common usage words. They mean the same thing but especially is used more in writing and formally. To remember the spellings try breaking them down e + special + ly = especially, special + ly = specially
exceptions - consonant + cial:
financial commercial provincial
because the root words end in -ce (finance - financial, commerce - commercial, province - provincial)
-tial n + tial =
potential, essential, substantial, residential, presidential, influential, differential, confidential, sequential, preferential, consequential, celestial, existential, circumstantial, prudential, torrential, referential, exponential, inconsequential, insubstantial, experiential, quintessential, evidential, deferential, credential
r + tial = martial, impartial, partial
p + tial = nuptial, prenuptial
exceptions - vowels + tial
initial, spatial, palatial
The word “controversial” is controversial because it contradicts all the rules and is spelled with “s.”
Memorise these seven exceptions:
financial, commercial, provincial, initial, spatial, palatial, controversial
This week's words are from the Statutory Word List. It is essential that pupils can spell most (Expected Standard) or some (Working Towards) of the words on this list. This doesn't mean only spelling these words correctly though - any words which follow a similar spelling rule or pattern is also expected to be spelt correctly.
So, if you want to achieve Y6 Expected Standard, you need to be able to either spell the statutory word list correctly, or recognise when you may need to check your writing with a dictionary and self-edit!
Please practise as many words as you can from the lists as often as you can. This week, let's focus on:
There are so many homophones (words that sounds the same but have different meanings) in the English language that it's easy to get caught out.
This week, let's try to practise the following:
principal (adjective): chief / main / first / primary
principal (noun): headteacher or leader of a college
principle (noun): a basic idea or rule that explains or controls how something happens or works
precede (verb): to go before something or someone
proceed (verb): to continue as planned, to move forward
their (determiner): of or belonging to them
there (adverb): that place
they're (contraction): they are
stationery (noun): the things needed for writing
stationary (adjective): not moving or not changing
compliment (noun): a remark that expresses approval, admiration or respect
complement (verb): to make something else seem better or more attractive when combining with it
Spellings this week focus on the -ough letter strand.
-ie -ei words
We are looking at words with the -ee- sound (phoneme) which has the -ie or -ei grapheme.
If the sound is -ee-, then the rule is that the 'i comes before the e':
However, if there is the consonant 'c' directly before the grapheme, then it changes to -ei:
Watch out! There are also some exception words:
(I have also included 'convenience' as this is often mispelled, but is actually a different phoneme)
w/c 8th Oct
This week, please practise words containing hyphenated prefixes. We hyphenate when the word would look strange or it may be difficult to know how to pronounce it without the hyphen:
w/c 1st Oct
This week, we look at the -ent / -ence / -ency words...
I will also include 'blind' words in the test: words that follow the same format or rule but were not included in the practise list.
w/c 24th September
This week's spellings are words that end in -ant/-ance/-ancy, as opposed to -ent/-ence/-ency (next week!).
w/c 17th September:
This week, the rule is all around whether we use -ce or -se.
e.g. practice, spelt with -ce is a noun (doctor's practice, choir practice etc), whereas practise spelt with -se is a verb (we need to practise our spellings etc)
w/c 10th September
This week, we are looking at using more ambitious vocabulary in our writing: